SymbNET Online Seminar Series – Mikhail Savitski (EMBL) & Élio Sucena (FCG-IGC)
On 23rd June (Thursday), we will have the next session of the SymbNET Seminar Series:
15:00 WET / 16:00 CET
European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), Heidelberg
Stability proteomics for assessing the state of the proteome Lab
Proteomics Core Facility
Deciphering cellular phenotypes using biophysical proteomics.
Thermal stability of proteins can be measured in living cells on a proteome-wide scale using thermal proteome profiling, TPP. While the technology was initially developed to identify drug targets, the improvements in sensitivity now make it possible to detect thermal stability changes which result from modulation of protein-protein, protein-metabolite, protein-DNA interactions etc. Thus TPP has the ability to phenotype cellular states and capture functionally relevant changes not accessible to expression proteomics. Recently we combined TPP with reverse genetics to map the functional landscape of the model organism E. coli. This study will be presented in the talk and will provide an outlook on how this is applicable to the much less well characterized gut microbiome species.
15:30 WET / 16:30 CET
Instituto Gulbenkian de Ciência (FCG-IGC)
Evolution and Development Lab
How the larva got its fly: the co-option of immune mechanisms in the evolution of metamorphosis
Recent years have witnessed the rise of the so-called integrative biology, which fundamentally consists on the dilution of discipline borders to move the explanatory level towards organism-based mechanisms. The evolution of insect metamorphosis has required the establishment of new cross-talks between multiple organ systems and processes, thus constituting a privileged stage for such integrative questions.
In this work, we unveil a mechanistic link between hormones and immunity in the metamorphosis developmental programme of Drosophila melanogaster by establishing that:
1. There is a peak of antimicrobial peptides (AMP) expression at the onset of metamorphosis which involves three main players: drosomycin, drosomycin-like 2 and drosomycin-like 5;
2. This peak is dependent on the ecdysone peak that induces metamorphic moult;
3. This peak of AMP expression is independent of bacteria presence and canonical immune pathways;
4. This peak of AMPs influences the persistence of bacteria throughout metamorphosis.
Furthermore, we show that this immune response acts both locally and systemically deploying specific AMPs in each of these contexts, through ecdysone signalling in a Broad-dependent manner.
This endocrine regulation of immunity effectors at the onset of metamorphosis increases the success of this developmentally critical period and, by extension, that of the holometabolan programme. We speculate that this co-option of immunity by the metamorphosis programme may constitute an anticipatory response that has evolved to face the strong selective pressure imposed by the inherent risk of infection this novel transition entails.
Catarina Nunes , Takashi Koyama , Élio Sucena :  Instituto Gulbenkian de Ciência, Oeiras, Portugal;  Department of Biology University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark;  Departamento de Biologia Animal, Faculdade de Ciências, Universidade de Lisboa, Lisbon, Portugal
These will be monthly online seminars on host-microbe symbiosis, genomics, and metabolomics, with two talks from SymbNET researchers.
Slots of 30 minutes to talk with the speakers will be available after the seminars. Priority will be given to students and Postdocs from SymbNET members Institutions. If you are interested, please contact Mariana Simões at email@example.com.
These seminars are open and free of charge. You can find more information at https://symbnet.eu/activities/seminars-visits/online-seminar-series/
If you already registered for SymbNET activities before, you will receive a link to this seminar closer to the date. If not, please register at https://igc.idloom.events/symbnet_seminars/register
We are looking forward to your participation.
SymbNET – Genomics and Metabolomics in a Host-Microbe Symbiosis Network
This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 952537
June 23rd, 2022